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P.O. Box 1411 Bismarck, ND 58502-1411



September/October 2021

RMDs: Know the Rules

RMDs Know the Rules

Whether you’ve already begun taking required minimum distributions (RMDs) from your retirement accounts, or you’re just about to begin, consulting your financial professional to make sure that you understand the rules that govern these accounts will help you avoid costly mistakes.

If you turned age 70½ in 2020, or later, you must take your first RMD by April 1 of the year after you turn age 72. After that, RMDs must be taken by December 31 each year — potentially requiring you to take two RMDs in the year you took your first one.

You must take RMDs from all tax-deferred retirement accounts, including 401(k) and 403(b) accounts, traditional individual retirement accounts (IRAs), SIMPLE IRAs and SEP IRAs. If you have multiple traditional IRAs, you’ll calculate the RMD separately for each account; however, you can take the distribution from one IRA or any combination. With multiple 401(k) accounts, you should calculate the RMD separately for each account and take a distribution from each one.

Taxes and penalties:
Distributions are taxed as ordinary income. If you fail to take your full RMD by the withdrawal deadline, you could face a penalty of 50% of the amount you were required to withdraw but didn’t, plus income taxes.

You won’t have to take an RMD from your current employer’s plan if you’re still working beyond age 72 and don’t own 5% or more of the company. You will have to take RMDs from a 401(k) with a former employer unless you’re able to roll over the balance(s) to your current plan.


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